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Study shows engaged workers should dare to daydream

Study shows engaged workers should dare to daydream

Two researchers from Washington University in St. Louis and another from Pontificia Universidad Católica in Chile found that daydreaming carries significant creative benefits, especially for those who identify with their profession and care for the work they do. When not compelled by the problems and challenges of one's profession, though, it can impair performance, the detriment historically linked to a mind meandering on the job. In other words, daydreaming can be both a liability and a significant asset, depending upon certain attributes of the wanderer.<br> <br><br><br><br><br> "Daydreaming can have significant upsides for one's tendency to crack difficult challenges in new ways. This, however, presumes that people deeply care about the work they do, what attracted them to the profession in the first place," said Markus Baer, Professor of Organizational Behavior at the Olin Business School. "Daydreaming without this focus has significant downsides, which show up most directly in one's overall performance ratings."<br>In today's "knowledge economy," a mind is a terrible thing to waste, whatever direction it may venture. This research, published July 1 in the Academy of Management Journal, opens new windows into the power of the mind. Specifically, this project "depicts daydreaming as a critical mechanism accounting for the connection between the type of work people do and the level of creativity they exhibit on the job," wrote coauthors Baer, Erik Dane, Associate Professor of Organizational Behavior at Olin, and Hector P. Madrid of Pontificia Universidad.<br>Don't mistake this activity for distraction or multitasking, staples of the modern workspace. Rather, the process at the heart of this study involves thoughts disconnecting from a task and/or "stimulus environment." The coauthors found such a wandering-thought process results in work that is highly creative and not universally counterproductive, as often assumed in the business world and suggested by science that has studied daydreaming for decades.<br>Granted, not all daydreaming is created equally. The researchers studied two types in particular: problem-oriented daydreams, or imaginative thoughts loosely connected to one's challenges, and bizarre daydreams, or thoughts not linked to existing challenges or problems at all but rather improbable possibilities. As the coauthors explained, these bizarre thoughts usually involve scenarios that "might delight a writer of fantasy or science fiction." What they found, though, wasn't merely mental escapism.<br>Critical for creativity-boosting daydreaming, they found in their multi-faceted study, was professional identification—workers who are psychologically attached to their profession, who gain a sense of self from their job. When they perform cognitively demanding work, gathering both enjoyment and fulfillment from that work, their daydreams spark imaginative thoughts around the job's tasks and problems.<br><br><br><br><br><br><br>The researchers tested their model via two distinct studies: (1) sampling experiences of 169 professionals in a spectrum of industries, and (2) conducting a field study of 117 professional employees and their 46 supervisors. Each study was conducted in South America, and the research participants averaged 33.9 and 35.9 years old, respectively.<br>"Conducting two different studies enabled us to test our hypotheses across a wide range of workers and triangulate our findings," Dane said. "The methods and measures we adopted integrated cutting-edge techniques associated with studying creativity and daydreaming alike."<br>In the first study, workers—across a wide range of businesses, though mainly service (26%) and banking or commerce (22%)—provided daily, diary-like ratings of the job challenges and their minds' tendency to engage in the two types of daydreaming. Workers also rated the extent to which they generated new ideas and solutions during the day.<br>The second study involved employees across three technology consulting companies, where creativity and problem-solving are rife, and where employees tend to identify strongly with their profession and its attendant values and challenges. This time, the authors also asked supervisors at those companies to rate their employees' creativity.<br>Workers were significantly more likely to daydream when they confronted tricky problems and new challenges in their work. And these daydreams, in turn, reliably boosted people's creativity, at least for professionally identified workers.<br>Interestingly, so long as employees' identification with their profession was present, the researchers discovered that both problem-oriented and bizarre daydreaming had virtually no impact on performance, neither positive nor negative. However, when professional identification was lacking, daydreaming significantly compromised performance.<br>"What this means is that daydreaming can boost creativity but does little to kill it; on the flip side, daydreaming does little to improve overall performance but can significantly reduce it," Madrid said.<br>In the end, the researchers concluded that most businesses could benefit from taking steps to remove the stigma around daydreaming at work. The mind wanders close to half of the day, previous science found, so it is unreasonable to assume that it can stay on task continuously. At the very least, perhaps we shouldn't shun workers for getting lost in their thoughts and dreams. There might just be a new idea in there.<br> <br><br><b>Author:Washington University in St. Louis</b><br><b>Source:https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-engaged-workers-daydream.html</b>

Kiran Sen

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Cost prevents one in five U.S. women from using their preferred contraception

Cost prevents one in five U.S. women from using their preferred contraception

More than one in five women at risk of an unplanned pregnancy in the U.S. would use a different method of contraception if cost were not a factor, says a new study from the Texas Policy Evaluation Project (TxPEP) published in Contraception: X. Uninsured women (one in three) and publicly insured women (one in four) were more likely to prefer a different method than privately insured women (one in five), indicating the importance of insurance coverage in ensuring access to the contraceptive methods women desire. The U.S. Supreme Court recently ruled in Little Sisters of the Poor v. Pennsylvania that employers can refuse to cover birth control for religious or moral reasons. Out-of-pocket costs for contraception will rise for many U.S. women, and they will be less likely to get the birth control they want.<br> <br><br><br><br><br> "Whether people are able to afford the type of birth control they want to use is a strong indicator of the quality of reproductive healthcare in the U.S.," says Dr. Kari White, principal investigator of TxPEP and Associate Professor of Social Work and Sociology at The University of Texas at Austin. "The Supreme Court's ruling, along with other recent policies that have limited publicly funded services for low-income women, will likely reverse some of the gains in access and affordability we have seen in recent years."<br>Affordable access to contraception in the U.S. improved over the last 7 years as a result of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) contraceptive coverage mandate, which made all Food and Drug Administration-approved contraceptive methods available for no charge to women enrolled in most private insurance plans. The Court's ruling will impact an estimated 70,500—126,400 women of childbearing age who will now need to pay out-of-pocket for their birth control, and some of the most effective methods, such as female sterilization, IUDs and implants, are very expensive in the U.S. Some women who lose coverage may look for a new provider at a publicly funded health center that offers low-cost contraception. These facilities, which receive federal Title X family planning funds or other federal and state funding to serve low-income women, will likely not be able to meet the demand of new patients, leaving more women with cost barriers to using the birth control method they desire.<br>The new TxPEP study, based on data collected after the implementation of the ACA, also showed that Black and Hispanic women and those of other races/ethnicities were less likely to be using the birth control they wanted compared with white women, reflecting the structural disadvantage women of color face in the U.S. healthcare system. "Black women can face additional barriers accessing affordable contraceptive care that is free of bias, and affording contraception may be especially challenging for recent and undocumented immigrants, many of whom are Hispanic, due to limited insurance coverage options," says Kristen Burke, a doctoral student in sociology and graduate research associate at TxPEP. "The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted incredible racial disparities in health outcomes, including access to reproductive health services, and the Court's decision will likely exacerbate these gaps in care."<br>The study used data from the 2015-2017 National Survey of Family Growth, focusing on sexually active women of reproductive age in the United States who were neither pregnant nor trying to become pregnant. Previous studies by TxPEP have shown that women often prefer to use more effective methods such as the IUD, implant, and sterilization, which may not be readily available at publicly funded or private health care providers.<br> <br><br><b>Author:University of Texas at Austin</b><br><b>Source:https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-women-contraception.html</b>

Ankur Ahluwalia

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University research and the private sector: How a jelly ingredient factors in

University research and the private sector: How a jelly ingredient factors in

Food additives get a bad rap, but a natural ingredient from orange peels and apple skins, pectin, is a thickener safely added to many food products, most notably jellies. The additive is also the subject of a University of Illinois experiment highlighting both the power and the challenges of public-private partnerships in university research.<br> <br><br><br><br><br> The experiment, recently published in Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, was pretty simple. It showed neonatal pigs tolerated milk replacer with pectin included at 0.2%. The research was done at the request of and with funding from formula manufacturer Mead Johnson Nutrition (now a division of RB), who hoped to prove the safety of the natural food additive for infants against a backdrop of new European standards.<br>Translating basic science into actionable industry and practitioner insights is part of the DNA of the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES) at Illinois. From the college's perspective, public-private partnerships help industry and the public by providing unbiased, transparent science to back up or refute industry claims and practices. These partnerships also give ACES students opportunities to work within the industry landscape before entering the workforce.<br>"What's beautiful about these public-private partnerships is their ability to more quickly create what's needed on the front lines of agriculture and other industries," says ACES Dean Kim Kidwell. "When industry is talking directly to our talented scientists and students, innovation is inevitable."<br>Ryan Dilger, study co-author and associate professor in the Department of Animal Sciences at Illinois acknowledges there can be a negative public perception about university scientists working with private companies. "It's tricky, but for us, it's always science first."<br>In 2015, Mead Johnson approached Dilger with a proposal that would fund construction of a new research center to study infant brain and gut development using the neonatal pig as a preclinical model. Within the scientific community, piglets are accepted as a more informative proxy for human infants than mice and rats. That's because, to a much greater degree than rodents, piglet digestive systems, behavioral responses, and brain development mirror those of human babies.<br><br><br><br><br><br><br>Dilger worked with neonatal piglets prior to 2015, but he knew having a dedicated building to conduct the research was a major boon with benefits that would go far beyond Mead Johnson's investment.<br>"We work with other partners using that same infrastructure. Every company we work with makes investments in the tools we need to do cutting-edge research, which then everybody gets access to," Dilger says. "We don't like exclusivity. Public-private investments build up our capacity as university scientists to be steadfast in an ever-changing world."<br>The partnership with Mead Johnson also led Stephen Fleming, a former doctoral student working with Dilger and co-author on the pectin study, to identify hurdles facing private companies who want to work with university scientists. To address the issue, Fleming and Dilger launched a startup company to help companies traverse the intricacies of the university research landscape. They call it Traverse Science.<br>"There was no service we knew of, especially in the biological sciences, connecting students and faculty with commercial presences who need help or expertise to perform and publish basic research. Traverse Science does that in the context of food and nutrition," Fleming says.<br>He points to a growing industry trend to downsize in-house research and development capacity, relying instead on university researchers or contract research organizations. Traverse Science, part of the EnterpriseWorks Incubator at the University of Illinois Research Park, connects companies with Illinois experts and offers project administration, data analysis, and publication services.<br>"We exist so scientists can focus on the science and business can keep moving forward," Fleming notes. "We think science should enable business, not slow it down."<br>Many university scientists working with industry are motivated to infuse more transparent, high-quality, peer-reviewed science into product claims, industry practice, and policy.<br>"Conducting practical research studies is something we want to continue to promote through ACES and Traverse. We want to hold industry to the high standards of our scientific training for the benefit of the public," Dilger says. "We'll always be scientists first."<br> <br><br><b>Author:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign</b><br><b>Source:https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-university-private-sector-jelly-ingredient.html</b>

Shikha Kumari

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Airplane noise appears to negatively impact fetal health

Airplane noise appears to negatively impact fetal health

Prolonged exposure to loud noise is more than annoying—it is bad for human health. Beyond the obvious potential damage to hearing, chronic noise exposure has also been linked to adverse cardiovascular effects, such as increased risks of heart attacks and strokes.<br> <br><br><br><br><br> Now, for the first time, researchers have provided a causal estimate linking high-level noise exposure to another key health challenge: low birth weight (< 2,500 grams or approximately 5.5 pounds).<br>Health economists from Lehigh University, Lafayette College and the University of Colorado, Denver were able to pinpoint a causal link by studying residential neighborhoods impacted by recent changes in airplane flight patterns going in and out of Newark Liberty International Airport, one of the largest airports in the United States.<br>Muzhe Yang, who holds the Francis J. Ingrassia 75 and Elizabeth McCaul Endowed Professorship in Lehigh's Department of Economics, along with Laura Argys from University of Colorado, Denver and Susan Averett from Lafayette College, used unique birth records from 2004 to 2016 containing information on mothers' home addresses and National Transportation Noise data providing measured noise levels at exact locations. Their analysis revealed an increase of 1.6 percentage points—or 22 percent—in the risk of having a low birth weight baby among mothers living close to the airport, in the direction of the runway, exposed to noise levels over the 55 dB threshold (the threshold used by the EPA and the WHO for the protection of public health), and during the period when the new flight pattern changes were more actively implemented at the airport.<br>Their paper describing these results, "Residential Noise Exposure and Health: Evidence from Aviation Noise and Birth Outcomes," was published online Friday in the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.<br>"Our findings have important policy implications regarding the trade-off between flight pattern optimization and human health," says Yang. "This is especially important given the long-term negative impact of low birth weight on a range of later-life outcomes such as lifetime earnings, educational achievement and long-term health."<br><br><br><br><br><br><br>Unintended Consequences<br>The changes in flight patterns around the Newark airport, as well as many airports in the United States, were triggered by a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) air traffic control initiative called the Next Generation Air Transportation System, known as NextGen. Designed to reduce flight time and save fuel, one component of NextGen employs precision satellite monitoring instead of old-fashioned radar to guide airplanes. These satellite-designed optimum routes are made to be more direct. The use of satellite monitoring allows for more planes in the air, safely spaced and flying closer together, so more planes can use the same route.<br>Usage of these new routes by more and more aircraft and the adoption of a gradual descent approach—resulting in planes coming in to land at lower altitudes-have exposed residents living in areas under the satellite-designed routes to, as one resident impacted by changes in Arizona told CBS News, "a constant barrage of airplanes flying over their homes."<br>NextGen provided the researchers with a rare circumstance to study the causal effect of noise pollution on birth weight, in which noise exposure is close to being randomly assigned because residents were caught off-guard. The implementation of NextGen by the FAA was exempted by the U.S. Congress from normal environmental impact reviews and public hearings. The randomness and the sharp change in noise exposure are important to ensure that the estimated effect of noise pollution on birth weight is not confounded by other factors that are related to both noise pollution and fetal health, such as air pollution. This study focuses on mothers living close to the airport, where air pollution is likely to be evenly distributed while sharp changes in noise pollution exist.<br>"The National Transportation Noise data provided a map that revealed sharp changes in noise exposure in areas near the airport," says Yang. "We find that NextGen indeed created a narrow band around the runways, which is a noise pollution corridor. We argue that conditional on those who already live close to the airport, the redistribution of aviation noise, due to NextGen, occurred in a way that is outside of the residents' control—since the NextGen's implementation was exempted from public hearings."<br>Furthermore, by focusing on those living close to the airport, the research team argues that "people probably do not have the knowledge about the exact landing and takeoff paths of aircraft, or they may think they will be exposed to similar levels aviation noise since landing and takeoff paths, prior to NextGen, were less concentrated." Thus, there is a plausibly exogenous variation in noise exposure among those living near the airport—whether or not the mother lives inside the noise pollution corridor can be random. In their study they focus on mothers living within 5 miles of the airport.<br>"We hope our study helps people recognize the adverse effect of noise exposure on fetal health," says Yang, "as well as the urgency of finding solutions to the problem of excessive noise endured by communities overflown by aircraft using satellite-designed optimum routes."<br> <br><br><b>Author:Lehigh University</b><br><b>Source:https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-airplane-noise-negatively-impact-fetal.html</b>

Amit Gill

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Meditation linked to lower cardiovascular risk

Meditation linked to lower cardiovascular risk

Meditation was linked to lower cardiovascular risk in a data analysis by Veterans Affairs researchers and colleagues.<br> <br><br><br><br><br> The results appeared online June 30 in the American Journal of Cardiology.<br>Previous studies have suggested that meditation may have beneficial effects on a number of conditions. A 2017 American Heart Association scientific statement suggests that meditation may be of benefit for cardiovascular risk reduction. Data show that it may help with blood pressure, cholesterol level, quitting smoking, and overall cardiovascular health. However, this connection is far from definitive. By using a large national database with many participants, the authors of the new study sought further evidence on how meditation impacts cardiovascular risk.<br>Lead researcher Dr. Chayakrit Krittanawong—of the Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Baylor College of Medicine, and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai—and his colleagues studied data from the National Health Interview Survey, conducted annually by the National Center for Health Statistics. It collects information on a wide range of health topics from a nationally representative sample.<br>The researchers looked at data on more than 61,000 survey participants. Of those, almost 6,000 (nearly 10%) said they participated in some form of meditation.<br>The researchers found that people who meditated had lower rates of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, and coronary artery disease, compared with those who did not meditate.<br>The greatest difference was in coronary artery disease. Those who meditated were 51% as likely as those who didn't to have the disease. The prevalence of other cardiovascular risks in the meditation group compared with the non-meditation group was 65% for high cholesterol, 70% for diabetes, 76% for stroke, and 86% for high blood pressure.<br>The researchers controlled for other factors connected to cardiovascular risk, such as age, sex, cigarette smoking, and body mass index. After adjusting for these factors, the effect of meditation was still significant.<br>Many types of meditation exist. Most focus on attention and awareness. Meditation has been shown to increase physical and mental relaxation. "I believe in meditation, as it can give us a sense of calm, peace, and stress reduction, leading to improvement of our emotional well-being," explained Krittanawong.<br>Practicing meditation has been linked to decreased stress, greater mindfulness, and improved psychological health. It may even lead to long-term functional and anatomical changes in the brain. Meditation is also simple, cost-effective, and low-risk.<br>Krittanawong and colleagues did note several limitations to the study. First, the survey did not capture what type of meditation people were using. Some types of meditation may offer more cardiovascular benefit than others, say the researchers. The survey also did not ask about the duration or intensity of that meditation. It is possible that those who practice longer and more frequently will get more benefit, but the study cannot measure these effects.<br>Also, the researchers cannot definitively say that meditation directly decreases cardiovascular risk. It could be that people who are in better cardiovascular health to begin with are more likely to practice meditation, rather than the other way around.<br>Other life activities might also obscure the link between meditation and cardiovascular health. The researchers found factoring in alcohol consumption and physical activity lowered the significance of the relationship between meditation and cardiovascular risk.<br>Considering all these factors, the researchers concluded that meditation is "probably" associated with lower prevalence of cardiovascular risk. Krittanawong notes that, while the results suggest that meditation can improve cardiovascular health, "we would need a powerful study such as a clinical trial to determine whether meditation could benefit cardiovascular health in veterans."<br>Meanwhile, the study adds to a growing body of research on the potential benefits of meditation, they say.<br> <br><br><b>Author:Veterans Affairs Research Communications</b><br><b>Source:https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-meditation-linked-cardiovascular.html</b>

Varsha Ahluwalia

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More lonely deaths in hospitals and nursing homes from COVID

More lonely deaths in hospitals and nursing homes from COVID

Patients who died from COVID in 2020 were almost 12 times more likely to die in a medical facility than patients who died from any cause in 2018, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study.<br> <br><br><br><br><br> This the first study to look at place of death for patients with COVID-19 and how these distributions compare to previous trends in location of death for non-COVID-19 illnesses.<br>The paper was published July 9 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.<br>"Where you die is important and reflects end-of-life quality for the patient and the family," said lead author Dr. Sadiya Khan, assistant professor of preventive medicine in epidemiology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and a Northwestern Medicine physician. "The patients dying of COVID-19 in medical facilities may not have any family with them because of visitor restrictions.<br>"A loved one dying alone takes a huge mental toll on families," Khan said. "It impairs the family's ability to grieve and cope with the loss. For patients, we've all thought about how terrible it would be to have to die alone. This is the horror happening to thousands of people in medical facilities where no family member or loved one is able to be present with them during their final moments on earth."<br>The new study analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for deaths related to COVID-19 from February 1, 2020, to May 23, 2020, and found 68.7% of patients who die of COVID-19 died in medical facilities, 22.7% in nursing homes, 5.2% at home and 1.9% in hospice facilities. When compared with 2018 deaths due to all causes over a similar time period, 35.7% of deaths took place in medical facilities, 19.1% in nursing homes, 31.1% at home, and 7.9% in hospice facilities.<br>There was significant variability across states, with some states having a much higher proportion of nursing home deaths (e.g. Minnesota, 60%) and home deaths (e.g. New York, 8%) deaths.<br>"High rates of nursing home deaths in several states reveal a highly vulnerable population and the inability to optimize resources such as PPE (personal protection equipment) to prevent infection transmission these high-risk locations," Khan said. "It's especially important as nursing homes are reopening to visitors and may be exposing residents, especially in areas where there are increasing rates of cases."<br>But nursing home statistics in the study only capture a glimpse of the high proportion of deaths linked to these facilities. It doesn't include people who contracted COVID-19 in a nursing home and were transferred to a hospital or staff who got it working there.<br>To address the heightened risk in nursing homes, Khan suggests access to adequate PPE for staff and universal testing/screening of people before they are allowed to enter the facilities, even if they don't have symptoms.<br>To support lonely COVID-19 patients in hospital beds and nursing homes, Khan said these facilities need a virtual infrastructure.<br>"We can't just rely on individual's iPhones and iPads," Khan said. "There is a landline phone in every room, why couldn't we have a virtual phone in every room or access to face-to-face communication for each patient and their families?"<br>"These results highlight yet another way that COVID-19 has impacted the health care system," said first author Dr. Sarah Chuzi, a Northwestern Medicine fellow in cardiovascular diseases. "While recent research shows U.S. deaths in medical facilities are decreasing and deaths at home and in hospice facilities are increasing, the burden of deaths attributed to COVID-19 may reverse these overall trends.<br>"End-of-life care is a hugely important but understudied aspect of medicine. We wanted to ensure this aspect of patient-centered care was acknowledged and studied in order to motivate efforts to improve our current system," Chuzi added.<br> <br><br><b>Author:Northwestern University</b><br><b>Source:https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-lonely-deaths-hospitals-nursing-homes.html</b>

ROHIT KUMAR PASWAN

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Study finds weight loss surgery cost disparity

Study finds weight loss surgery cost disparity

A new study from the University of Georgia finds that users of public insurance are paying more for bariatric weight loss surgery compared to private insurance patients.<br> <br><br><br><br><br> The study, which published recently in Clinical Obesity, is the first to break down surgeries by insurance payer type—public versus private insurance—to better understand the economic burden on patients and U.S. health care system overall.<br>"Bariatric surgery is becoming more common, but there's increasing evidence that bariatric surgery is not happening consistently across all payer types, and there might be cost differences by payer type," said lead study author Janani Thapa, an assistant professor of health policy and management in UGA's College of Public Health.<br>These differences could point to inequities in health care access that make it more difficult for patients who have Medicaid or Medicare to qualify or pay for bariatric surgery when they need it.<br>Obesity rates are highest among low-income Americans; this also tends to be a group with less access to obesity treatment options, including bariatric surgery.<br>"The hoops that they have to jump through may be more [than others] to access the surgery," said Thapa, "and that was our motivation to look into this."<br>The team analyzed a national dataset of hospitalized patients from 2011 to 2014, looking for trends in bariatric surgery use, costs across insurance types and other demographic factors.<br>They found obesity diagnoses and surgeries grew among all patients over that time. This could explain why they also found that average national costs associated with bariatric surgery increased, said Thapa.<br>But they also found that while on average individual patients are paying less for the surgery, the overall cost burden was highest for publicly insured patients. The average cost per surgery was highest among Medicare patients.<br>Thapa says they can't say why that is, but "as soon as we talk about public insurance, it is taxpayer money that is paying for the surgery," she said.<br>The next step, the authors said, is to investigate the long-term health outcomes and medical costs of the weight loss surgery.<br>Despite the study's focus on one clinical intervention, Thapa and her co-authors still advocate for prevention as the best way to reduce the burden of obesity on individuals and the system.<br> <br><br><b>Author:University of Georgia</b><br><b>Source:https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-weight-loss-surgery-disparity.html</b>

Shreya Acharya

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Hospital study examines the cost-effectiveness of esketamine

Hospital study examines the cost-effectiveness of esketamine

A paper authored by researchers from McLean Hospital has determined that esketamine, a nasal spray to treat severe depression, is currently too expensive for widespread use. Titled "Cost-Effectiveness of Esketamine Nasal Spray for Patients With Treatment-Resistant Depression in the United States," the paper was published on July 7 in Psychiatric Services.<br> <br><br><br><br><br> The study compared the costs and benefits of esketamine, an antidepressant approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) last year for use in treatment-resistant major depressive disorder. Unlike ketamine, a drug delivered intravenously to treat severe depression, esketamine is a nasal spray.<br>Lead author Eric L. Ross, MD, reported that "most medications don't work as well for people with treatment-resistant depression." However, he said, "Esketamine has been effective in a population where many other treatments haven't worked."<br>Ross said, "I want people to use esketamine, but it's important that it be cost-effective. I don't want it to put a real strain on our mental health care system."<br>To estimate the cost-effectiveness of the drug, Ross and his colleagues used a "decision-analytic model" to simulate the effects of treatment with esketamine versus oral antidepressants over five years. The model looked at both societal and health care sector perspectives of using the drug.<br>Ross explained that the study built on previous investigations of esketamine but added information about cost. Also, he said, the model accounted for issues such as "How much does it cost to have uncontrolled depression?" and "How much does it impact your quality of life?"<br>The simulations found that, over five years, esketamine was projected to improve quality of life by increasing time in remission for patients. Societal costs and health care sector costs, however, were projected to go up substantially. The authors estimated a greater than 95% likelihood that intranasal esketamine would not be cost-effective in the United States, according to commonly applied standards. Also, they concluded that the price of esketamine must fall by more than 40% from its current price of approximately $240 per dose to be cost-effective for the management of treatment-resistant depression in the U.S.<br>"Esketamine is too expensive, but it does work," Ross asserted. "The question now is 'How do we get the price down?'"<br>Ross said that he hopes the paper will encourage policymakers, insurers, and health care leaders to work to reduce the price of esketamine and make it more available to those in need. "At the end of the day, it's not about saving money," he said. "The goal is to make sure we're getting the most clinical benefit we can for the money we spend."<br> <br><br><b>Author:McLean Hospital</b><br><b>Source:https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-hospital-cost-effectiveness-esketamine.html</b>

Sourav Kashyap

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Report says source data scarce on mental health units in correctional facilities

Report says source data scarce on mental health units in correctional facilities

Specialized mental health units (MHUs) may be critical to managing the high rates of serious mental illness in incarcerated populations. But research data on unit characteristics, services provided, and outcomes achieved by MHUs in correctional facilities are scarce, according to a report in the July/August issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.<br> <br><br><br><br><br> With the scarcity of formal, peer-reviewed studies, Clinical Psychology Ph.D. student Talia Cohen, Rakesh Karmacharya, MD, Ph.D., and colleagues of McLean Hospital, Belmont, Mass., took a different approach to gathering further information on MHUs in US correctional facilities: They Googled it. "Our gathering and collating the published and publicly available information on these 317 units will help bridge the gap in the literature on MHUs and help facilitate the development of additional MHUs," the researchers write.<br>Google search yields valuable data on MHUs in correctional facilities<br>Estimates suggest that 20 percent of inmates in jails and 15 percent of inmates in state prisons may have serious mental illness. Many patients, especially those with psychotic disorders, first receive psychiatric treatment after being incarcerated.<br>"The incarceration of mentally ill patients, who are often imprisoned due to issues related to untreated mental illness, is a major public health issue," the authors write. They set out to perform the first comprehensive compilation and description of MHUs in US correctional facilities.<br>But a preliminary review of health and criminal justice databases found "scant data": just 11 peer-reviewed articles were identified. To bridge the gap, Ms. Cohen, Dr. Karmacharya and colleagues performed a methodical, in-depth Google search of publicly available sources, including government websites, newspaper articles, and legal reports that led to the identification of 317 MHUs across the United States.<br>Although the available data varied, the authors analyzed the characteristics of the identified US MHUs:<br>About 80 percent of units were located in prisons, rather than jails or other settings. About three-fourths served male inmates only.About half of units offered groups or programs to inmates, one-third provided individual therapy, and less than one-fourth provided both group and individual services.Just over half of MHUs had dedicated mental health staff, while about one-fourth provided mental health training to correctional officers.Some units were developed in partnership with other government agencies, nonprofit organizations, or universities. Funding for MHUs came from a variety of sources, most often state budgets or legislation.Information on the outcomes of mental health care was available for 38 MHUs, most of which reported reductions in violence and injuries. "The reports from these units show promising results for the benefits of implementing MHUs but also demonstrate the urgent need to conduct implementation and effectiveness trials for them," the researchers write.<br>Based on their experience, the authors make recommendations for creating a successful therapeutic environment at MHUs. They believe that units should be small, serving no more than 40 inmates. For the MHUs identified in the review, average unit size was 73 beds.<br>Units should offer groups and programming plus individual therapy, should have a trained and dedicated clinical staff, and should provide mental health training to correctional officers, the researchers believe. Only 12 (3.8%)of the MHUs identified in the review met all of these criteria.<br>While acknowledging the limitations of the evidence in their wide-ranging review, including the use of largely non-peer-reviewed sources, the researchers hope the findings will provide useful descriptive information on MHUs in the United States. The authors conclude: "Future research should collect systematized data from correctional facilities with MHUs in order to get a more comprehensive picture of the programs and to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of these treatment units."<br> <br><br><b>Author:Wolters Kluwer Health</b><br><b>Source:https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-source-scarce-mental-health-facilities.html</b>

MOHIT RANJAN

-S7XSXMBFOekF3BlZoBx

Study shows humans are optimists for most of life

Study shows humans are optimists for most of life

Is middle age really the "golden age" when people are the most optimistic in life? Researchers from Michigan State University led the largest study of its kind to determine how optimistic people are in life and when, as well as how major life events affect how optimistic they are about the future.<br> <br><br><br><br><br> "We found that optimism continued to increase throughout young adulthood, seemed to steadily plateau and then decline into older adulthood," said William Chopik, MSU assistant professor of psychology at MSU and lead author. "Even people with fairly bad circumstances, who have had tough things happen in their lives, look to their futures and life ahead and felt optimistic."<br>The study, published in the Journal of Research in Personality, surveyed 75,000 American, German and Dutch people between the ages of 16 and 101 to measure optimism and their outlook about the future. Chopik said the researchers looked at life events such as: marriage, divorce, a new job, retirement, changes in health and loss of a partner, a parent or a child.<br>"Counterintuitively—and most surprising—we found that really hard things like deaths and divorce really didn't change a person's outlook to the future," Chopik said. "This shows that a lot of people likely subscribe to the 'life is short' mantra and realize they should focus on things that make them happy and maintain emotional balance."<br>Chopik explained that regardless of life's good and bad circumstances, from the time people are 15 to almost 60 or 70, they become more and more optimistic.<br>"There's a massive stretch of life during which you keep consistently looking forward to things and the future," Chopik said. "Part of that has to do with experiencing success both in work and life. You find a job, you meet your significant other, you achieve your goals and so on. You become more autonomous and you are somewhat in control of your future; so, you tend to expect things to turn out well."<br>As people age into the elderly phase of life, the study showed a shift to declines in optimism, likely driven by health-related concerns and knowing that the bulk of life is behind you. While the elderly aren't full-fledge pessimists, Chopik said, there is still a noticeable change.<br>"Retirement age is when people can stop working, have time to travel and to pursue their hobbies," Chopik said. "But very surprisingly, people didn't really think that it would change the outlook of their lives for the better."<br>Chopik said one of the most profound conclusions in the study was showing how resilient people are in life.<br>"We oftentimes think that the really sad or tragic things that happen in life completely alter us as people, but that's not really the case," Chopik said. "You don't fundamentally change as a result of terrible things; people diagnosed with an illness or those who go through another crisis still felt positive about the future and what life had ahead for them on the other side."<br> <br><br><b>Author:Michigan State University</b><br><b>Source:https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-07-humans-optimists-life.html</b>

SHASHI RANJAN

Li7fSXMBFOekF3Bl5IEM

Is your iPhone battery healthy? What about your Mac or Apple Watch? How to check

Is your iPhone battery healthy? What about your Mac or Apple Watch? How to check

b"How healthy is your iPhone's battery? Several years ago, Apple was caught slowing down older iPhones\xc2\xa0without their owners' knowledge or consent. Apple eventually came clean, explaining that as the health of the battery inside the iPhone degrades, the company decided to hobble performance in order to avoid random shutdowns and other potential issues. After the blowback, Apple added a Battery Health feature to the iPhone, revealing how well -- or poorly -- your iPhone battery is performing, and letting you know when it's time to have the battery replaced. Now, the same battery checkup tool is coming to the Apple Watch WatchOS 7, while the MacOS Big Sur will get new battery stats this fall. Here's how to find more insight into the longevity of your iPhone and Apple Watch battery, and how you'll use the new Mac battery tools once they arrive. It takes a couple of taps to view your battery's health. The process for checking your iPhone's battery is just as straightforward in iOS 14 beta as it was when Apple first introduced the feature in 2018. Follow these steps on your iPhone: 1. Open the Settings app. 2. Scroll down and select Battery. 3. Tap Battery Health, where you'll find a report detailing your battery's health percentage, and any suggested steps you can take to improve performance. If iOS determines through its diagnostics that you need a new battery, the software that slows performance will kick on. The battery health app will also\xc2\xa0recommend getting it replaced, a task that can cost up to $80. You'll need to have WatchOS 7 installed in order to review your battery's status. Currently, that means you'll need to take part in the developer program. Apple will run a public beta program for the Apple Watch sometime in July if you don't have a developer account, or you can wait until the official release this fall. 1. Open the Settings app. 2. Scroll down and tap on Battery. 3. Tap Battery Health. On the next screen, you'll see a percentage indicating how healthy your battery is, as well as any advice on how to improve it. With WatchOS 7, you can keep tabs on your battery's health. Apple had already added a Battery Health feature to the Mac with the release of MacOS 10.15.5 in April of this year, and with MacOS Big Sur, Apple brings new tools to help reveal which apps are draining your MacBook. It's the first time this kind of information has been available on the Mac, allowing you to view usage over the last 24 hours or 10 days. Here's what to do. 1. Open System Preferences, either by clicking on the Apple logo in the menu bar at the top of your screen or in the Applications menu. 2. Click on the Battery option. The new battery section will graph and chart your battery usage, similar to what you see in iOS or iPadOS right now, letting you know if there's an app that's running in the background and causing the excess drain. If you want to view your Battery Health right now, you can open System Preferences > Power Saver and click on the Battery Health button at the bottom of the window. You'll see the health status of your Mac's battery, as well as have the option to turn off Battery Health Management; a feature that will adjust performance and the maximum charge of your MacBook's battery based on how you use your laptop. Your MacBook's battery is fairly important. You likely noticed the option to turn Optimized Battery Charging on or off when viewing the battery health screen on your Watch or iPhone. I suggest turning it on to help extend the overall life of your battery and prevent degradation. When turned on, that Apple Device will learn your charging routine and instead of immediately charging that device to 100% and keeping it there overnight, it will charge and hold at 80% until right before you typically take your device off the charger, which is when it will complete charging. In turn, Optimized Battery Charging limits the amount of time the battery is kept fully charged -- something that over time can be harmful to the battery's health. This same feature is also coming to AirPods ($159 at Apple) when iOS 14 is released. Pretty cool stuff. From a brand-new messages app and upgraded Safari on the Mac, new health features on the Apple Watch to six features in iOS 14 you're sure to love, there are plenty more changes coming to Apple hardware this fall."<br><br><b>Author:Jason Cipriani</b><br><b>Source:https://cnet.com/how-to/is-your-iphone-battery-healthy-what-about-your-mac-or-apple-watch-how-to-check/</b>

Ashish Mahato

SrrfSXMB_V_LWfVU5ODo

This three-piece mesh network covers about 5,400 square feet for $130

This three-piece mesh network covers about 5,400 square feet for $130

b"Mesh networks solve a problem that seems to plague virtually everyone: They plug the inevitable dead zones in your house without adding Wi-Fi extenders, which never work very well and introduce their own annoyances. CNET has rounded up the\xc2\xa0best mesh routers for 2020, and while they're great, they tend to cost $250 or more. Here's an affordable alternative: The Rock Space Dual Band AC1200 is a three-piece mesh router that costs just $130 right now. It usually sells for $170, but you can save $40 by clipping the coupon on the product page and then using discount code HJJC5RWD at checkout. Rock Space says this system can cover about 5,400 square feet, or a three-story home, and push Wi-Fi into the garage and basement. Like any mesh router, it gives you a single SSID for your whole home (that's the downside of Wi-Fi extenders -- SSIDs that change depending upon where you are in the house) and is easy to set up and configure via a mobile app. The dual channels give you both 2.4 and 5GHz networks, and it's rated for 1,167 megabits per second. The satellites themselves don't look like routers at all; as small black cubes, they look more like small speakers and aren't unattractive, so you can place them on shelves or desktops around the house without worrying too much about aesthetics. The deal price of $130 makes the Rock Space router kit priced close to the dual-band Netgear Orbi mentioned in the best for 2020 list, but the Orbit only has two satellites, while Rock Space includes three. That said, if the Netgear Orbi is selling for $100 flat at Walmart right now. Get all the latest deals delivered to your inbox. It's FREE! CNET's Cheapskate scours the web for great deals on tech products and much more. For the latest deals and updates, follow the Cheapskate\xc2\xa0on Facebook\xc2\xa0and\xc2\xa0Twitter. Find more great buys on the\xc2\xa0CNET Deals page\xc2\xa0and check out our\xc2\xa0CNET Coupons page\xc2\xa0for the latest promo codes from\xc2\xa0Best Buy,\xc2\xa0Walmart,\xc2\xa0Amazon\xc2\xa0and\xc2\xa0more. Questions about the Cheapskate blog? Find the answers on our FAQ page."<br><br><b>Author:Dave Johnson</b><br><b>Source:https://cnet.com/news/this-three-piece-mesh-network-covers-about-5400-square-feet-for-130/</b>

Priyanka Gill

RPnfSXMBmG3CfVRx5VyU

California reverses reopening decisions as coronavirus surges

California reverses reopening decisions as coronavirus surges

b'US coronavirus cases mapped as of July 13. California has reversed course on reopening during COVID-19, with Gov. Gavin Newsom on Monday saying the state will close all bars. Indoor operations of restaurants, wineries, movie theaters, zoos, museums and card rooms statewide must also be closed. Newsom cited coronavirus cases spreading "at alarming rates" in California. In addition, 30 Californian counties must close indoor operations for gyms, hair salons, barbershops, malls, places of worship, non-critical offices and personal care services. Keep track of the coronavirus pandemic. The counties impacted are Los Angeles, Orange, San Diego, Sacramento, Colusa, Contra Costa, Fresno, Glenn, Imperial, Kern, Kings, Madera, Marin, Merced, Monterey, Napa, Placer, Riverside, San Benito, San Bernardino, San Joaquin, Santa Barbara, Solano, Sonoma, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tulare, Yolo, Yuba and Ventura. The Los Angeles and San Diego school districts on Monday also announced they will be continuing online-only learning when school starts again in the fall. COVID-19, the respiratory disease caused by the coronavirus, has\xc2\xa0rapidly spread across the globe. There are now\xc2\xa0almost 13 million confirmed cases\xc2\xa0globally. In the US, there have been\xc2\xa03.3 million cases confirmed and over 135,000 deaths, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University. A\xc2\xa0vaccine may not arrive until 2021. The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.'<br><br><b>Author:Corinne Reichert</b><br><b>Source:https://cnet.com/health/california-reverses-reopening-decisions-as-coronavirus-surges/</b>

Yash Johal

NrrXSXMB_V_LWfVUjeDy

Retail payments report recovery in May, jump 23% to Rs 24.22 trillion

Retail payments report recovery in May, jump 23% to Rs 24.22 trillion

After seeing a plunge in April amid the lockdown, retail payments reported a recovery in May, jumping 23 per cent to Rs 24.22 trillion in value terms, against Rs 19.66 trillion in April, the Reserve Bank of India monthly bulletin data showed. In March, retail payments in value terms were to the tune of Rs 36.03 trillion.Total payments that include digital payments and payments made via paper-based instruments rose 12.5 per cent to Rs 94.64 trillion in May, against Rs 84.10 trillion in April.<br><br><br><br><br> <br><p>Digital payments saw 11.6 per cent rise to Rs 92.03 trillion in May, against Rs 82.46 trillion in April.<br> <br><p>While card payments posted over 60 per cent recovery, ATM cash withdrawals in value terms rose to Rs 1.96 trillion in May, against Rs 1.29 trillion in April.Digital payments saw 11.6 per cent rise to Rs 92.03 trillion in May, against Rs 82.46 trillion in April.While card payments posted over 60 per cent recovery, ATM cash withdrawals in value terms rose to Rs 1.96 trillion in May, against Rs 1.29 trillion in April.<br><br><b>Author:Subrata Panda <p><p><p><p><p><p><p><p> <p><p><p><p><p><p><p><p> |  <br><p><p><p><p><p><p><p><p> <p><p><p><p><p><p><p><p> <p><p><p><p><p><p><p><p> Mumbai</b><br><b>Source:https://www.business-standard.com/article/finance/retail-payments-report-recovery-in-may-jump-23-to-rs-24-22-trillion-120071400068_1.html</b>

Aishwarya Agrawal

Ni7fSXMBFOekF3Bl6YFU

The best facial moisturizers you can buy in 2020

The best facial moisturizers you can buy in 2020

b'Skin care is one of my most important self-care rituals, and if I had to keep only one item out of the variety of\xc2\xa0skincare products\xc2\xa0that I use, it would be moisturizer. A great moisturizer can impart a healthy glow while relieving dryness and calming your skin, but one that is too harsh, too heavy, irritating or not moisturizing enough can throw off how you feel for the whole day. Everyone has unique skin types and needs, but according to dermatologist Dr. Caren Campbell, you should use a moisturizer every day. But not every moisturizer will work for everyone -- it\'s why your mom can have one that she swears by but if you try it, you break out. Campbell says two things to look for are if moisturizers are more oil-based (usually a face cream) or water-based (usually labeled a face lotion). "If you can categorize yourself as dry you know to go for a cream. If your skin is combination, it might mean you use cream in the winter and lotion in the summer when the humidity is higher," she says. Below, you\'ll find the best moisturizers for all different concerns, from dry skin to oily skin, mature skin to adolescent skin, and, of course for those with a sensitive skin type. So many facial skin types, so many products to meet all of their needs! The list below highlights the top sellers across sites like Amazon, Sephora and Target. You\'ll find some tried-and-true brands and some newer finds -- and the prices range from high-end to more affordable drugstore finds. You\'re sure to find something that will be worth adding to your skin care routine. Note that these products and services are independently chosen by our editors, based on extensive research into the available options in the marketplace. The prices and availability are accurate as of publishing time, but may change. Read more:\xc2\xa0Best beauty tools and gadgets in 2020: Nuface, Foreo and more This is the daily moisturizer I\'ve currently been using every single night since I received it as a gift for Christmas. It feels very nourishing, but not heavy. It is perfect for my skin since I can layer it over my other serums and still feel like my skin can breathe. When I wake up the next morning, my skin always looks and feels amazing. This product gets extra bonus points from me since Drunk Elephant is a clean/nontoxic skincare brand, and all of the products are fragrance-free. This top-seller on Sephora is the best face moisturizer for daytime wear for all skin types and is also a steal at $5. I\'ve been using products from The Ordinary for months since a friend/beauty editor recommended them to me. I\'ve been using this as a daytime moisturizer and it is surprisingly rich and hydrating given the price tag. It works for basically any skin type and is nongreasy. Tip: I layer it over The Ordinary\'s Hylaronic acid serum\xc2\xa0when my skin feels like it needs extra moisture. SkinMedica\'s HA5 Rejuvenating Skin Hydrator is a serum that works as your facial moisturizer. Developed for signs of aging skin like wrinkles, fine lines, and rough texture -- the serum contains a blend of five different types of hydrators designed to smooth the skin\'s texture. It does have a hefty price tag -- but the brand (founded by a dermatologist) promises 8 straight hours of moisture and clinical-level results. The Water Cream by Tatcha has around 2,000 reviews and is a bestseller on Sephora -- a sign that this is a cult favorite. The cream is a lightweight moisturizer that is oil-free, great for those who are acne prone or have more oily skin. Sometimes I have to switch to a lighter moisturizer in the summer, so this one will be at the top of my "to buy" list for those long, hot and humid days. Cerave Moisturizing cream is a tried-and-true favorite for Campbell. She likes it for patients with dry skin since it contains ceramides and is a cream -- meaning it provides more moisture since it has more oil than water. It\'s also a bestseller on Amazon out of all facial moisturizers sold. According to Glamour\xc2\xa0this French facial cream is recommended by nearly every makeup artist out there. I have used this moisturizer as well and remember seeing it at all the pharmacies when I lived in France. It\'s a tried-and-true favorite -- when I had it in my product rotation I used it on days when my skin felt drier and loved it. This gel moisturizer from Neutrogena is a bestseller at Target. It\'s formulated for dry skin and contains hyaluronic acid, a super moisturizing active ingredient. According to Campbell, "hyaluronic acid is one of the most moisturizing ingredients for skin. It pulls 1,000 times its weight in water." Dry skin: Symptoms of dry skin include scaling and or itchiness. "Patients with very dry skin tend to have a genetic mutation in a protein called filaggrin which helps lock moisture in the skin and keep the outside environment out. But with this mutation too much water evaporates from the skin and allergens get into the skin. Patients with filaggrin mutations are more likely to develop eczema (atopic dermatitis)," she says. You should opt for a cream, since it contains more oil and will feel more moisturizing than a water-based lotion. Normal skin: Signs you have normal skin include that you show no breakouts, no excessive dryness, oily skin and no blackheads. "If your skin is the envy of all -- low maintenance, you likely have normal skin. If you won the genetic lottery and barely wash your face and yet not one zit or flake resides on the skin, you likely have normal skin." For this type she recommends using a product with peptides or hyaluronic acid to lock in moisture and nourish the skin. You can also look for antioxidants to help protect your skin from free radicals and oxidative stress. Oily skin: Signs of oily skin include shiny skin, blackheads on the nose, and whiteheads or pimples. For this skin type, you want to avoid creams and stick to lighter moisturizers. Combination skin: Combination skin means you have oily skin in some areas and dry skin in others. You may have an oily "T" zone in your nose, chin, or middle part of your cheeks. You can also have scaly or flaky skin on the side of your cheeks or forehead."If you feel like you need one product for the center of your face and another for the sides, you are likely a combo skin type," Campbell says. You\'ll likely need to use two products -- one for the oily parts of your skin and another for the dry. Sensitive Skin: If you have sensitive skin, a product that doesn\'t contain fragrance is best. Sensitive skin means you get itchiness or rashes, broken blood vessels, or you have burning or stinging when you apply skincare products. The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.'<br><br><b>Author:Mercey Livingston</b><br><b>Source:https://cnet.com/health/best-facial-moisturizers-to-buy-for-2020-skinmedicathe-ordinary-drunk-elephant-and-more/</b>

Rahul Kumar

VbrfSXMB_V_LWfVU7-BK

Best back-to-school gear under $100 for 2020

Best back-to-school gear under $100 for 2020

b'Going back to school in 2020 might involve home-based learning, a social-distanced on-campus experience or something in between. But however the students in your life return to the classroom, they\'re definitely going to need gadgets to help them work -- and play. And to help, we\'ve assembled some of our favorite gear in the $50 to $100 price range. Anker\'s Soundcore Motion Plus is larger than many mini Bluetooth speakers, but it\'s still compact and manages to sound fuller than much of the competition under $100, with bigger bass, more volume and better clarity. It\'s also fully waterproof (IPX7 rated) and has support for the aptX streaming codec for supporting devices such as Samsung\'s Galaxy phones. Battery life is rated at 12 hours at moderate volume levels. There\'s even an app for tweaking the sound. It\'s an excellent value at $100. Blue or red versions are available for $6 more.\xc2\xa0\n \n \n \n Read our Anker Soundcore Motion Plus review. The Hyperice Hypershere Mini is a social-distance-friendly alternative to a massage at the end of a stressful schoolday. About the size of a softball (3-inch diameter), it charges with a Micro-USB cable (a full charge offers more than 2 hours of battery life) and does a great job of rolling out your muscles, with three speeds to choose from. It also travels well. The Soundcore listed above is our new pick for best sound quality in the sub-$100 price field. But that model is pretty beefy. By contrast, Bose\'s fully waterproof SoundLink Micro fits into the palm of a hand, and it delivers impressive sound for its small size. I haven\'t heard of anyone not liking this as a gift, and it can sometimes be found on sale for $20 off.\n \n \n \n Read our Bose SoundLink Micro review. Why buy AirPods or other name-brand truly wireless headphones, which can cost $160 and up? The Anker Soundcore Life P2 earbuds deliver solid sound quality for around $60 and are also decent for making calls.\n \n \n \n Read our Anker Soundcore Life P2 review. I\'ve been a fan of Logitech\'s earlier\xc2\xa0MX Master\xc2\xa0and\xc2\xa0MX Master 2S\xc2\xa0mice, which shared the same design. For the MX Master 3, Logitech\'s engineers have made some upgrades to both the design and the mechanics of the mouse, most noticeably to the scroll wheel, which is driven by electromagnets and is buttery-smooth to operate. It\'s fast and quiet -- you can zip through thousands of lines in seconds when you switch from ratchet to free-spin mode. This stylish mouse costs just less than $100, and it\'s a neat upgrade for students who want a break from a stubborn trackpad.\n \n \n Read our Logitech MX Master 3 first take. This wireless speaker is a colorful alternative to the Anker and Bose models above. It\'s pretty compact and offers better -- and bigger -- sound than some of its slimmer and smaller rivals. It really can float and has better battery life than the original Wonderboom, too.\n \n \n Read our UE Wonderboom 2 first take. Step up from that cramped laptop (or iPad) keyboard with Logitech\'s MX Keys -- arguably the smartest low-profile Logitech keyboard I\'ve used. It has "spherically dished" keys that cradle the tips of your fingers, and the keyboard is responsive and tactile. In that sense, it\'s similar to Logitech\'s\xc2\xa0Craft keyboard, which lists for twice the price. The keys light up as your hands approach and there\'s a sensor that adjusts the illumination according to the lighting conditions. You can also turn off the light if you want to save battery life. The dual layout is designed to suit both Mac and Windows users, and MX Keys is compatible with Windows, Mac, Linux, iOS and Android systems. Using illumination, you can get 10 days of operation on a full charge or up to five months with backlighting turned off. When it\'s time to recharge, the battery indicator LED glows red and you can continue using the keyboard while charging via USB-C.\n \n \n Read our Logitech MX Keys first take. The perfect gift for an absent-minded student is now better than ever: For a limited time, CNET is partnering with Tile to offer bundles of the company\'s wireless trackers with a free Google Nest Mini thrown in at no extra charge. Save up to $40 over the usual bundle price when getting a four-pack. Students (or anyone else) can use their phone or smart speaker to locate missing gadgets, wallets or backpacks -- whatever they\'ve attached these mini trackers to. Earbuds are great, but if you\'re buying for a student who prefers full-size wireless headphones, this model (yes, Anker again) delivers solid sound for just $60 -- and with passable noise cancellation and great battery life, too. We love Sonos Wi-Fi speakers but the cheapest models generally start at around $180. Unless, that is, you go for the this Sonos-designed Symfonisk speaker that\'s sold through Ikea. This is the perfect alternative for delivering similarly great Sonos wireless sound at half the price of the Sonos One. You lose compatibility with Alexa and Google Assistant, but for privacy-minded students, that\'s a feature, not a bug.\n \n \n \n Read our Ikea Symfonisk Bookshelf WiFi Speaker review. Yes, Amazon\'s Echo Show 8 is a fantastic smart display and a great gift for anyone with an Alexa household, but some of us prefer the Google Nest Hub. It\'s less likely to push Amazon products on the screen, for one thing. Plus,\xc2\xa0the voice assistant is a bit more intuitive and there\'s no camera, so it feels more comfortable in the bedroom. Whichever you choose, seek out a discount: These are often on sale for $80, or even less.\n \n \n \n Read our Google Nest Hub review.'<br><br><b>Author:David Carnoy</b><br><b>Source:https://cnet.com/news/best-back-to-school-gear-under-100-for-2020/</b>

Diwakar Mandal

UfnfSXMBmG3CfVRx8lx9

Gripping Unsolved Mysteries reboot on Netflix wants you to play detective

Gripping Unsolved Mysteries reboot on Netflix wants you to play detective

b'Unsolved Mysteries is back, with new episodes now streaming on Netflix. I watched a lot of TV in the 1970s, \'80s and \'90s. A LOT of TV. I even co-wrote two books highlighting the shows and trends of those decades. And I have to say, most of the shows that ate up my time back then are best left to memory. For every awesome show like Mystery Science Theater 3000, there were a lot more that were like Manimal. That\'s why I was wary of\xc2\xa0Netflix\'s reboot of true-crime show Unsolved Mysteries, which I loved back in the day. Sometimes fond TV memories are best left in the past, you know? I for one did NOT need a Melrose Place remake with Ashlee Simpson, not that anyone asked me. But I\'m here to say the Unsolved Mysteries reboot sucked me in from the first minute. While I hesitate to say it\'s better than the Robert Stack original, it\'s that rare remake that uses all the improvements made in television since its first run to evolve into a fresh, modern and fascinating version of its old self. The interviews are longer and more in-depth. The re-enactments are judiciously used and aren\'t cheesy. The cases are well-chosen and get plenty of time. If you found yourself sucked into the podcast Serial, you\'ve found your summer TV obsession. The original Unsolved Mysteries ran from 1988-1999 on various networks, and was brought back twice in the 2000s. Actors (including, once, a young Matthew McConaughey) reenacted cold cases and urged viewers with any knowledge to help solve the mysteries. The original version also threw in the occasional freaky UFO or ghost story, maybe just to remind you you weren\'t watching PBS. As a kid, sitting in my parents\' Minnesota farmhouse, I was fascinated. The first six episodes of the current Unsolved Mysteries reboot became available July 1, with six more to come. The new show is being overseen by executive producer Shawn Levy of Stranger Things fame, in association with the original production company for Unsolved Mysteries, Cosgrove-Meurer Productions. Producers Terry Dunn Meurer and John Cosgrove, who created the show, are involved with the new reboot, and their 1980s baby is in good hands. There\'s no host, and that\'s just fine -- the late, great Robert Stack\'s powerful and unmistakable voice could never be imitated. Instead, the show is presented like mini documentaries on each case, focusing on only one case per episode, not three like the old show did. That gives the creators plenty of time to dig in to each cold case, and damn if they haven\'t found some mind-blowing ones. (Some spoilers ahead.) In the first episode, a likable guy named Rey Rivera vanishes from his Baltimore-area home in 2006, and is eventually found dead in an unused part of a local hotel. But his injuries are odd, his cell phone is unbroken and it seems unlikely a suicidal jump could have landed him in the spot where his body was found. Then there\'s the bizarre note found taped to his computer, which his wife insists isn\'t a suicide note, though it certainly seems to show a rambling thought process, and maybe a man not in his right mind. And then there\'s his mysterious best friend and employer, who won\'t talk to the police. All the ingredients for a tantalizing cold case. 2 Days. "Mystery on the Rooftop" is the story of a beloved Baltimore man, his suspicious death, and a family searching for answers. What happened to Rey Rivera? #unsolvedmysteries #suspicious pic.twitter.com/1wXpyMWsm7 The other cases are consistently intriguing too. Hairdresser Patrice Endres disappeared from her salon in 2004, and her body was found nearly two years later. Alonzo Brooks was last seen at a party in rural Kansas, also in 2004, and his body was found nearby a month later. Young mother Lena Chapin went missing in 2006, shortly after she implicated her own mom in the murder of the mom\'s ex-husband. In Unsolved Mysteries, families are not always like the Waltons. "No Ride Home" and completely alone, a young Black man goes missing in rural Kansas. What happened to Alonzo Brooks the night of April 3, 2004? The FBI recently announced a $100k reward for information leading to an arrest and conviction of Alonzo\'s death. #unsolvedmysteries pic.twitter.com/FUMVn1Qt0Y The show even goes international. For an episode that\'s almost entirely in French with English subtitles, a noble family is murdered, apparently by a father who won\'t fess up to money issues, and seems to have either killed himself or gone on the lam. "House of Terror" was how media outlets described the events uncovered at 55 Shuman Boulevard. How could the home of a noble-French family turn so horrific? #unsolvedmysteries #murdermystery pic.twitter.com/c0J2bqOehN Only episode 5 felt out of place. Like Unsolved Mysteries occasionally did in the old days, this episode wanders into the world of aliens and the paranormal,\xc2\xa0focusing on a 1969 UFO. It\'s the oldest case in the new batch, and definitely the least consequential. I made myself watch the entire episode to be fair to the show, but by the end, I still didn\'t care about what may or may not have happened in Massachusetts 50 years ago. But I should expect more off-the-wall episodes -- executive producer Terry Dunn Meurer told Variety a ghost story is among the upcoming shows. \xe2\x80\x9cBerkshires UFO\xe2\x80\x9d made a quiet Massachusetts town question the existence of extraterrestrial life. What events unfolded on that September night in 1969? #unsolvedmysteries #ufos pic.twitter.com/X9wvtS4cwx One of the best things about the return of Unsolved Mysteries in this era of social media is the fact that the investigation doesn\'t end when the episodes do. Netflix has put materials relating to each case on a public drive. The drive includes photos of the evidence, unseen video snippets, interviews and more. Now you can look at that bizarre note Rey Rivera left taped to his computer, or check out a closeup of Patrice Endres\' missing wedding ring. I\'m hoping Netflix adds more to this, because even though there are numerous clips for each case, nothing I saw there was earth-shattering -- guess if it was, they\'d have included it in the episode. And one of the best things about the new show is that if a case sparks your interest, social media gives you an easy way to dig deep and learn more, as well as keep up on any new discoveries. There\'s long been a subreddit about Unsolved Mysteries, and the new episodes are being discussed in detail there now. If Facebook is more your thing, there are numerous Facebook groups discussing the rebooted show and its individual cases, as well as other unsolved mysteries from around the world. Each case demands answers. You can help. Join the Netflix Unsolved Mysteries Facebook Groups to discuss the case and theories with fellow armchair detectives: https://t.co/bUYLSOToBM #UnsolvedMysteries Producer Terry Dunn Meurer told USA Today\xc2\xa0viewers started sending in tips on the various cases within 24 hours of Netflix premiering the new show, specifically about the Brooks, Rivera and Chapin cases. Brooks\' case was even reopened by police in June, Dunn Meurer told Variety. And Redditors have come up with a variety of theories about the\xc2\xa0 murdered French family, a truly haunting episode that put me in mind of 1971\'s infamous family killer John List, who was eventually caught thanks to another TV show, America\'s Most Wanted. Kudos, too, to the show for paying homage to its past in a classy way that doesn\'t feel like a desperate nostalgia grab. A photo of longtime host Robert Stack, who died in 2003, floats like a benevolent ghost through the opening credits, and the memorable and spine-chilling theme music is updated but still recognizable. Like many, I fell headlong down the Tiger King rabbit hole in April, when a quarantined world discovered Joe Exotic and his menagerie of messed-up pals. And like Tiger King, Unsolved Mysteries instantly soared to the top of Netflix\'s most-watched list upon release. Unsolved Mysteries is another perfect show for those of us spending most of our time at home due to the coronavirus outbreak. Businesses in my region may still be closed, jobs and stocks may be uncertain, but leave it to Netflix to remind us that somebody out there always has it worse -- with the added benefit that ordinary viewers might be able to turn detective and help a grieving family get justice. I still don\'t know about that UFO episode, but E.T., if you\'re watching, phone home and explain what your 1960s cousins were up to. The remaining six Unsolved Mysteries episodes will premiere on Netflix later in 2020.'<br><br><b>Author:Gael Fashingbauer Cooper</b><br><b>Source:https://cnet.com/news/gripping-unsolved-mysteries-reboot-on-netflix-wants-you-to-play-detective/</b>

Nishu Kumari

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HDFC Bank probes lending practices at vehicle-financing operation

HDFC Bank probes lending practices at vehicle-financing operation

HDFC Bank has conducted a probe into allegations of improper lending practices and conflicts of interests in its vehicle-financing operation involving the unit’s former head, according to people familiar with the matter.The bank decided against proceeding with an earlier proposal to extend the employment of Ashok Khanna, an 18-year veteran at the bank, after the investigation was completed, said the people, who asked not to be identified as the information remains confidential. The vehicle financing unit he headed had outstanding loans of more than Rs 1.2 trillion ($16 billion) as of March 31.<br><br><br><br> <br>HDFC Bank’s management had been discussing a proposal for Khanna to stay on as the unit’s head for six months until October. Khanna retired at the end of March in line with his contract, they added. <br>The result of the investigation isn’t public, but it followed issues thrown up by an internal audit of the bank’s vehicle-dealer lending, as well as allegations of conflicts of interest in the purchase of global positioning systems for vehicles financed by the bank, the people said, without disclosing what the probe uncovered.<br>HDFC Bank fell 2.3 per cent on Monday and its parent Housing Development Finance fell 2.1 per cent, among the three worst performers on the Sensex that gained 0.3 per cent. <br>A spokesman for HDFC Bank confirmed there had been an investigation into the vehicle-financing unit but declined to give details. In an emailed statement, he said Khanna had retired in March in line with the terms of his employment contract. <br>“The bank has a well-established process of investigating every complaint that it receives and takes actions as appropriate,” the spokesman said in the email. <br>“In the said instance as well, the bank has followed the due process.” Khanna declined to comment on the investigation, referring questions on the subject to the bank.HDFC Bank’s management had been discussing a proposal for Khanna to stay on as the unit’s head for six months until October. Khanna retired at the end of March in line with his contract, they added.The result of the investigation isn’t public, but it followed issues thrown up by an internal audit of the bank’s vehicle-dealer lending, as well as allegations of conflicts of interest in the purchase of global positioning systems for vehicles financed by the bank, the people said, without disclosing what the probe uncovered.HDFC Bank fell 2.3 per cent on Monday and its parent Housing Development Finance fell 2.1 per cent, among the three worst performers on the Sensex that gained 0.3 per cent.A spokesman for HDFC Bank confirmed there had been an investigation into the vehicle-financing unit but declined to give details. In an emailed statement, he said Khanna had retired in March in line with the terms of his employment contract.“The bank has a well-established process of investigating every complaint that it receives and takes actions as appropriate,” the spokesman said in the email.“In the said instance as well, the bank has followed the due process.” Khanna declined to comment on the investigation, referring questions on the subject to the bank.<br><br><b>Author:Suvashree Ghosh & Anto Antony | Bloomberg <p><p><p><p><p><p><p><p> <p><p><p><p><p><p><p><p> |  <br><p><p><p><p><p><p><p><p> <p><p><p><p><p><p><p><p> <p><p><p><p><p><p><p><p> New Delhi</b><br><b>Source:https://www.business-standard.com/article/finance/hdfc-bank-probes-lending-practices-at-vehicle-financing-operation-120071400066_1.html</b>

Parmeshwar Murmu

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Los Angeles, San Diego schools will continue online learning in the fall

Los Angeles, San Diego schools will continue online learning in the fall

b'Los Angeles and San Diego school districts will continue to online-only learning in the fall. Los Angeles and San Diego, California\'s two largest school districts, revealed that students will continue to learn online only in the fall. School Superintendent in Los Angeles, Austin Beutner said in a tweet on Monday that the continuous rise in coronavirus cases risk the health and safety of students and teachers. "Unfortunately, COVID-19 continues to spread in the Los Angeles area, and the virus is going to impact how we start the new school year," said Beutner. "The health and safety of all in the school community is not something we can compromise." Update on July 13thActualizaci\xc3\xb3n del 13 de julio pic.twitter.com/HhbvV6zYfu Los Angeles and San Diego unified school districts said they will provide expanded online education training for teachers and students. The districts will also offer more online support options for parents with the aim to make it easier for them to participate in their child\'s learning. Over the course of the pandemic, Los Angeles and San Diego unified school districts have provided 47 million free meals and 250,000 computers to students in need. Both districts plan on continuing to provide meals to families in the fall. Keep track of the coronavirus pandemic. The school year will start on Aug. 18 in Los Angeles and Aug. 31 in San Diego. Both districts plan to return to in-person learning during the 2020-21 academic year when public health conditions allow. California rolled back reopening efforts on Monday due to a surge in cases. As of Monday, there are more than 3.3 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the US and more than 135,000 people have died, according to John Hopkins University. The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.'<br><br><b>Author:Alexandra Garrett</b><br><b>Source:https://cnet.com/health/los-angeles-san-diego-schools-will-continue-online-learning-in-the-fall/</b>

Natasha Dixit

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Get paid $1,000 to sink your teeth into Shark Week

Get paid $1,000 to sink your teeth into Shark Week

b"He kind of looks like he's smiling. Shark Week 2020 kicks off next month on Discovery Channel, and you could earn $1,000 to watch all of it. US Direct, an authorized DIRECTV dealer, is taking applications for Shark Week enthusiasts\xc2\xa0to binge every shark-related show on the network through July 27. If you're chosen, you'll be paid to watch every minute of Shark Week content starting Aug. 9. You'll also be tasked with tweeting and sharing your favorite shark fact of the day with the hashtag #SharkWeekDreamJawb. Each program must also be ranked from least to best in the following categories: most entertaining, most informative, most fearsome and most surprising. The company will also set up the winner with free Shark Week content, snacks and other shark gear like t-shirts and socks. To be selected, US Direct asks that you be at least 18 years old, a US resident and a huge shark fan, of course."<br><br><b>Author:Shelby Brown</b><br><b>Source:https://cnet.com/news/watching-shark-week-could-earn-you-1000/</b>

Parth Bhatnagar

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